chive is a hardy perennial herb. It looks like grass, similar to
chives, but has a gentle spicy flavor of garlic and distinct aroma so
it is also called garlic chives. It is a member of the same family as
onion (lily family, Liliaceae) and very easy to grow. It grows very
well, healthy and vigorously at sunny sites with good drainage,
sufficient fertilizers and sufficient water. Even with little care, it
will still grow and possibly survive stress.
quite many varieties of Chinese chives. Some old varieties are with
thin and small leaves or blades, which is becoming less popular due to
their small leaves and low yield. Currently, most cultivated varieties
are broad leaf type.
has showed Chinese chives can be divided into two categories:
Winter Dormant and Winter Non-dormant. Winter Dormant
Chinese chives need low temperature about 2 month for dormancy
before next year growing. These chives can survive over very low
temperature (some varieties can survive -35℃)
in the winter and sprout next spring when temperature rises, therefore
are recommended for open field cultivation, especially in cold areas.
Non-dormant chives are suitable for greenhouse production and
tropical areas. They do not need dormancy. They keep growing when
temperature is appropriate.
Chinese chives can be directly seeded. However, keeping the soil moist
is very important for the seeds to germinate. To speed seed
germination and get good germination rate, soak the seeds in warm
water (below 40℃)
for about 24 hours. Optimum germination temperature: 15-20℃
chives can be seeded in plant beds or transplant trays. After 5-6
leaves appear, they are ready for transplanting. This is an ordinary
practice for greenhouse production.
The plants should
not be cut for harvest for 3 months to half a year to let their roots
grow bigger and stronger. Otherwise, you can not get broad leaves and