Other names: Eda
Mame, edible soybean, vegetable soybean, green soybean, green
vegetable soybean, Mao Dou (Mao Dow, Chinese ), Zhi Dou (Chinese ), Dau Nanh Rau (Vietnamese).
Edamame is a Japanese name, meaning 'beans on a branch'.
It is a green vegetable soybean, rich in protein (up to 40%) , high in vitamins A & B, calcium, iron, and dietary fiber.
The vegetable soybean was known in China for it's nutritional / medicinal
value and was consumed as a vegetable as early as second century
(BCE ). It has become one of our favorite healthy / nutritious
food and its production has grown rapidly worldwide.
Edamame's immature soybeans are harvested at the large
green bean stage and the pods can then be sold fresh or frozen. The
pods are boiled with salt or without salt for a few minutes and then
shelled by hand at the table to be consumed as a snack. They're
sweeter and less bean tasting than grain soybeans.
Edamame is good for garden and commercial production.
It is suitable for a wide range of soil types, however, too much moisture in the soil affects the seeds
sprouting. Seeds may sprout at 10°C. The optimum temperatures for
germination and growth
is around 20-25°C for most cultivars. The growing season is shorter than
dry soybean. Good cultivars should have high ratio of 2- and 3-seed